Almost everybody knows Cuba as an island but it's really an archipelago consisting of the Island of CUBA, the Island of Youth and around 4,195 smaller keys and islets.
That is why there are 6 diferents References for the IOTA Award in Cuba:
||Isla de Cuba
||Archipelago JARDINES DE LA REINA
||Archipelago LOS CANARREOS
||Archipelago LOS COLORADOS
The Island of Cuba, the biggest of the archipelago, has a large and thin shape. Most of the cuban hams live in this island.
Archipelago Camaguey. It's located few Kms. north of the eastern coast of the island of Cuba. It is a touristic area and has one of the biggest keys of the cuban archipelago; Cayo Romano. This reference was only activated in 1988 by a group of cuban hams.
Archipelago Jardines de la Reina; It's located few Kms south of the eastern coast of the island of Cuba. This reference was only activated in 1988 by a group of cuban hams.
Archipelago Los Canarreos; It's located in a huge area south of the western coast of the island of Cuba. To this Reference belongs the second biggest island of the Republic of Cuba, Island of Youth (CO4, CM4, CL4 prefixes).
Recently, in June 1996, a group of cuban hams with the participation of a radioamateur from Portugal, activated a DXpedition for the IOTA Award from the Island of Youth (CO4OTA).
In April 1998, this reference was activated again, this time from Cayo Ernest Thelman, by a group of cuban hams.
Archipelago Las Coloradas, It's located few Kms north of the western coast of the island of Cuba. Was activated for the first time 1988 from Cayo Levisa, by a group of cuban hams. In 1995 the reference was acivated again, this time from Cayo Jutia, by a multinational DXpedition with hams from Spain, Italy, Portugal and Cuba.
This dxpedition, the CO1OTA, was active in all bands from 160m to 1,2 GHz. and made hundreds of QSOs.
Archipelago Sabana. It's located few Kms. north of the central part of the island of Cuba, just on the border of the Gulf Stream. In Cayo Santamaria Key it has one of the most beautifull beaches of Cuba. This key is joined to the mainland by a 44 Kms. stone-road and has touristic facilities.
The reference was activated for the first time in 1995 with the multinational station CO0OTA with hams from Spain, Portugal, Italy and Cuba.